Alerting

Flagger can be configured to send alerts to various chat platforms. You can define a global alert provider at install time or configure alerts on a per canary basis.

Global configuration

Flagger can be configured to send Slack notifications:

helm upgrade -i flagger flagger/flagger \
--set slack.url=https://hooks.slack.com/services/YOUR/SLACK/WEBHOOK \
--set slack.channel=general \
--set slack.user=flagger

Once configured with a Slack incoming webhook, Flagger will post messages when a canary deployment has been initialised, when a new revision has been detected and if the canary analysis failed or succeeded.

Slack Notifications

A canary deployment will be rolled back if the progress deadline exceeded or if the analysis reached the maximum number of failed checks:

Slack Notifications

Flagger can be configured to send notifications to Microsoft Teams:

helm upgrade -i flagger flagger/flagger \
--set msteams.url=https://outlook.office.com/webhook/YOUR/TEAMS/WEBHOOK

Similar to Slack, Flagger alerts on canary analysis events:

MS Teams Notifications

MS Teams Notifications

Canary configuration

Configuring alerting globally has several limitations as it's not possible to specify different channels or configure the verbosity on a per canary basis. To make the alerting move flexible, the canary analysis can be extended with a list of alerts that reference an alert provider. For each alert, users can configure the severity level. The alerts section overrides the global setting.

Slack example:

apiVersion: flagger.app/v1beta1
kind: AlertProvider
metadata:
  name: on-call
  namespace: flagger
spec:
  type: slack
  channel: on-call-alerts
  username: flagger
  # webhook address (ignored if secretRef is specified)
  address: https://hooks.slack.com/services/YOUR/SLACK/WEBHOOK
  # secret containing the webhook address (optional)
  secretRef:
    name: on-call-url
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: on-call-url
  namespace: flagger
data:
  address: <encoded-url>

The alert provider type can be: slack, msteams, rocket or discord. When set to discord, Flagger will use Slack formatting and will append /slack to the Discord address.

When not specified, channel defaults to general and username defaults to flagger.

When secretRef is specified, the Kubernetes secret must contain a data field named address, the address in the secret will take precedence over the address field in the provider spec.

The canary analysis can have a list of alerts, each alert referencing an alert provider:

  analysis:
    alerts:
      - name: "on-call Slack"
        severity: error
        providerRef:
          name: on-call
          namespace: flagger
      - name: "qa Discord"
        severity: warn
        providerRef:
          name: qa-discord
      - name: "dev MS Teams"
        severity: info
        providerRef:
          name: dev-msteams

Alert fields:

  • name (required)
  • severity levels: info, warn, error (default info)
  • providerRef.name alert provider name (required)
  • providerRef.namespace alert provider namespace (defaults to the canary namespace)

When the severity is set to warn, Flagger will alert when waiting on manual confirmation or if the analysis fails. When the severity is set to error, Flagger will alert only if the canary analysis fails.

Prometheus Alert Manager

You can use Alertmanager to trigger alerts when a canary deployment failed:

  - alert: canary_rollback
    expr: flagger_canary_status > 1
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: "Canary failed"
      description: "Workload {{ $labels.name }} namespace {{ $labels.namespace }}"